At transit ports where the carrier operates, the Bill of Lading might be legitimately switched – replaced by a new one – with completely dierent details than the original one. The container might even be unloaded from one vessel and loaded onto another.

Vulnerability 4
This lawful procedure – used legitimately for commercial reasons – may help conceal the consignment’s origin, the companies or individuals originally linked to it and it may aid in presenting the cargo as a whole different shipment. It is even possible to nominate a carrier as a consignee, avoiding disclosure of the actual importer. Switched Bills of Lading do not contain any reference that indicates they are not the original bills.